It comes from the greek words “orthos” meaning right or
correct and “dons” meaning the tooth.
So to have orthodontic treatment means to have “right or correct teeth”. There are many ways to achieve that beautiful smile with perfect teeth and age is not a major factor in starting Orthodontic treatment.
These are appliances which may be removed by the patient at their own will. Their success is determined by the patient’s co operation to wear it. These are generally used in young children to intercept and treat skeletal problems before they worsen with age by harnessing natural forces from oro – facial muscles and bringing them to act on the teeth and surrounding tissues (myofunctional appliances). Removable appliances can also be used to treat minor spaces and tooth irregularities.
These are tooth specific brackets which are cemented onto the tooth and can be removed after treatment is completed.
There are various bracket designs :
- Metallic brackets
- Ceramic brackets (tooth coloured)
- Lingual brackets (placed on inner surface of teeth)
(placed on inner surface of teeth)
Clear aligners are an alternative to traditional braces and are designed to guide the teeth into their proper positions. Aligners are made of a strong plastic material and are fabricated individually for each patient in the form of a series of aligners that are to be worn for atleast 20 hours a day to achieve the desired result at each stage. However, complex problems may not be treatable with these aligners.
Age is only a number when it comes to Orthodontic treatment. An adult may also undergo Orthodontic treatment however it may take a little longer due to physiologic response of the tissue in the mouth of an adult rather than a child. In other words the bone of an adult is dense and firm hence tooth movement may take longer.
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